In order to study the social impact of Estonian e-residency, a database based on registry data will be created, linking the socio-demographic background and origin of e-residents with data describing their use of Estonian e-services, their economic activity, and employment registered in Estonia and applying for a residence permit.   The database, created by person-based connecting and impersonating various registry data, allows exploring new forms of trans-nationalization, the interplay of virtual and physical mobility and residency, cross-border use of e-services, and the geographic expansion of the Estonian economic space.

The database to be created can be used for both scientific and applied research, including analysis of the policy implications of e-residency. In the framework of the project, close cooperation is performed with the implementers of the e-Residency Program, related authorities, and data controllers of registries, including the Police and Border Guard Board, Information System Authority, Center of Registers and Information Systems.

The database will be updated annually. Possibilities to supplement the database with other e-residents’ mobility (registry) data are also being analyzed. The establishment of a database will, inter alia, allow evaluation of the quality of existing registry data and making suggestions for improvement thereof.

Completed studies

Based on data provided by the Police and Border Guard Board, digital inequality patterns in e-residency applications have previously been analyzed.

Tammpuu, Piia; Masso, Anu (2019). Transnational Digital Identity as an Instrument for Global Digital Citizenship: The Case of Estonia’s E-Residency. Information Systems Frontiers, 21 (3), 621−634. DOI: 10.1007/s10796-019-09908-y.

Use of data

The use of the database requires the conclusion of an agreement of data access right with the controller(s) of the registry data.


Anu MassoProfessro