The CV data of CV Keskus, the largest job search portal in Estonia, contain detailed information about ~ 250,000 people, including the last 5 jobs, education, skills, information on the job sought, etc. The data allows the tracking of the latest jobseekers in Estonia and abroad for a longer period of time. This, in turn, provides an opportunity to analyze, in the context of international migration studies, the success of expatriates in the labor market in terms of jobs (Masso et al. 2014) and salaries (Emmo 2015). The data also provide an opportunity to examine factors having an impact on wages, and wage inequalities, e.g., they have been used to analyze the gender pay gap (Meriküll, Mõtsmees 2014).

Related projects

One of the most important cooperation projects to date with the public sector is the European Union-funded project “InWeGe – Income, wealth, and gender. A study and practical web tool for understanding gender pay and pension gaps in Estonia – the country with the biggest gender pay gap in the EU.“ The aim is to facilitate the availability of wage information to job seekers through detailed labor market segments (narrowly defined occupations, regions, etc.) through a digital solution (web application).  This could influence people’s decisions on labor market participation, wage bargaining, education and career choices, and would, in turn, reduce the gender gap in wages, pensions, and wealth.

H2020 project “InWeGe – Income, wealth, and gender. A study and practical web tool for understanding gender pay and pension gaps in Estonia – the country with the biggest gender pay gap in the EU.“, 2019-2020.  Project coordinator: Jaanika Meriküll. Facebook page:

The research project IUT20-49 “Structural Change as the Factor of Productivity Growth in the Case of Catching up Economies”, 2014-2019 funded by the Ministry of Education and Research of the Republic of Estonia aims to develop policy recommendations for increasing productivity and to achieve a better understanding of how different components of structural change affect productivity and growth. Homepage:

The H2020 project “Growth Welfare Income Productivity”. Project coordinator: prof. Giovanni Dosi (Scuola Superiore di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento Sant’Anna, Itaalia). 2019-2021. Homepage: Project aims to explore the causes of the economic slowdown in the European Union and to propose an integrated policy package that will enable inclusive growth-enhancing welfare to be maintained while also taking into account climate change and population aging.

Studies completed to date

Masso, J., Vahter, P. (2019), “Knowledge Transfer from Multinationals through Labour Mobility: Are There Effects on Productivity, Product Sophistication and Exporting?”, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Vol. 55, Issue 12, pp. 2774-2795.

Vahter, P. & Masso, J. (2019). “The contribution of multinationals to wage inequality: foreign ownership and the gender pay gap”, Review of World Economics. Vol. 155, Issue 1, pp. 105-148.

Roosaar, L.; Masso, J.; Varblane, U (2019), “Age-related productivity decrease of high-waged and low-waged employees”, International Journal of Manpower, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 1151-1170.

Naomitsu Yashiro, Konstantins Benkovskis, Jaan Masso, Olegs Tkacevs, Priit Vahter (2017), „Export and productivity in global value chains. Comparative evidence from Latvia and Estonia“, OECD Economics Department Working Paper No. 1448.

Use of data

The database can be used for a variety of scientific and applied research, the possible topics of which being export factors of companies, innovative activities of companies, intra-company mobility of employees and its links to entrepreneurial performance, factors affecting employees’ wages and salary inequalities, etc., (the list is not exhaustive).


Jaan MassoAssociate Professor